Even with efforts to stabilize the motorcycle, most accidents involve the bike tipping over.
It is a natural instinct to reach out in an attempt to break one’s fall, and this will commonly result in torn ligaments, tendons, and/or broken bones in the hand, wrist, arm and shoulder area.
While not as common as injuries to the lower part of the body, injuries to the head are almost always more severe in a motorcycle accident.
Most states have helmet laws, and the use of helmets has, according to the CDC, dramatically decreased the number of motorcycle accident fatalities.  Even when properly protected, however, when the head strikes either the pavement or another object, the results can be as mild as a slight concussion or as severe as a Traumatic Brain Injury, or TBI.
The extent of a head injury is often not discernible right after an accident, so it is important to seek prompt medical attention. Symptoms such as nausea and dizziness can signal trauma to the brain or spine.
While mild to moderate concussions often resolve over time with treatment, a TBI, which involves serious damage to the brain and nerve tissue, can be fatal or lead to serious, permanent impairment of the victim’s ability to perform even basic, everyday tasks. This, in turn, can require long-term rehabilitation and medical treatment and severely limit a person’s quality of life.
While helmets save lives, they do little to protect the spinal column in an accident. Injury to the spine is common when the rider or passenger falls or is ejected from the motorcycle and can be much more severe when that person then strikes a stationary object such as a tree, guardrail or another vehicle.
A spinal injury can cause damage to the soft tissue of the spine, such as bulging or ruptured discs, temporary or permanent paraplegia (the loss of sensation or motor control of the legs) or quadriplegia (the loss of both sensation and control of all four limbs).