What Is A Hernia?
A hernia is a medical condition Where an internal organ or other body part protrudes through a weak spot or tear in the muscle wall or connective tissue. The weak spot or tear can allow the intestine, fatty tissue or an organ to squeeze through, often at the abdominal wall. In some cases, a hernia can be seen externally bulging, often when a person is straining.
There are a number of different types of hernias, the most common types are:
- Inguinal: occurs in the inner groin
- Femoral: occurs in the upper thigh/outer groin
- Incisional: occurs through an incision or scar in the abdomen
- Ventral: occurs in the general abdominal/ventral wall
- Umbilical: occurs at the belly button
- Hiatal: occurs inside the abdomen, along the upper stomach/diaphragm
What Causes a Hernia?
Typically, hernias are caused by when pressure is exerted in/on the abdomen. This pressure can cause organ or tissue to push through a weak spot or opening in the muscle or connective tissue. In some situations, the muscle weakness is a present from birth however it is more common that the weakness develops later in life. Anything that increases abdominal pressure can result in a hernia, including; lifting heavy objects, persistent coughing or sneezing, obesity, and even diarrhea or constipation.
Hernia Repair Surgery
Hernia mesh surgery is a relatively common procedure meant to address the pain and discomfort caused by a hernia. However, many types of surgical hernia mesh used in repair surgeries have been related to severe complications.
What Causes Hernia Mesh Pain?
Common complications related to defective hernia meshes:
- Organ perforation